By Imran Khan,
Patna : Kamla Devi, Pankaj Kumar, Geeta Devi and Sanjay Singh, all Hindus, share one thing in common. Their lives have been transformed through “interest-free” loans provided by a Muslim cooperative credit society in Bihar, yet another example how integrated Indian society has always been at the grassroot level.
They are four of nearly 9,000 Hindus — mostly vendors, small traders, roadside shopkeepers, marginal farmers and women — who got rid of exploitative moneylenders thanks to interest-free loans by the Al-Khair Cooperative Credit Society Ltd that is based here.
“I used to sell potatoes and onions in a small roadside shop. I was often exploited by moneylenders for a small amount of Rs 2,000 to Rs 5,000 that I needed for my business. But a few years ago, I was surprised when someone informed me of interest-free loans from Al-Khair Society,” Kamla, in her mid 40s, told IANS at her shop in Mirshikar Toli here.
She first took a Rs 10,000 loan to run her shop, followed by loans of Rs 20,000 to Rs 50, 000.
“It helped me expand my business from a vendor to a wholesale trader,” she said.
Now doing financially well, Kamla managed to fund the education of her two sons, with one getting admission in an engineering college and the other in a B.Ed. college.
Based on the Islamic principle of prohibiting interest, Al Khair Society has provided interest-free loans of more than Rs 50 crore to nearly 20,000 people, mostly those struggling for survival, in the last one decade of its existence.
About half of these beneficiaries are Hindus. Regardless of religion and any other considerations, Al Khair Society has opened new vistas for large sections of marginalised people, skilled and unskilled, from unorganised sectors.
Geeta Devi not only turned her small roadside vegetable shop into a big one; she has opened another vegetable shop for her son.
“Our life has changed after I came into contact with Al Khair Society. It helped us live a life of dignity. For poor people like us, interest-free loans are God’s gift and, unlike in regular banks, there are no uncertainties about getting the loan,” she said.
Manju Devi, another beneficiary, has been taking a loan of Rs 20,000 to pay the annual school fee of her children for the last five years. Her husband runs a roadside shop.
“I also deposit my daily earnings with Al-Khair Society and repay the loan amount without paying any interest,” Kamla said.
Sanjay Singh, another beneficiary of the interest-free loans, said banks have no time for vendors like him and they have no interest in giving out small loans.
“Banks charge interest and there is a lot of paper work involved that only discourages and frustrates the poor,” said Sanjay, who used to sell garments on a bicycle. He now owns a small garment shop run by his wife even as he continues to sell clothes on his bicycle.
What attracts people, many of whom are not literate, to Al Khair Society’s door is that it involves minimal paper work and a poor-friendly perspective.
“Interest-free loans may be a concept associated with Muslims as Islam prohibits interest as it terms it unjust, but it has a universal appeal and can benefit all, not just Muslims,” said Shamim Rizvi, a retired bank officer closely associated with Al Khair Society for nearly a decade.
Unable to get help from banks, these loans help people free themselves from the clutches of moneylenders who charge high interest rates.
Nayiar Fatmi, managing director of Al Khair Society, told IANS that interest-free loans are gaining popularity.
“Even a small amount of five to ten thousand is significant for people who don’t have access to banks. Nearly 50 percent of the beneficiaries of interest free loans are Hindus. Most of them use the money for earning livelihoods that empower them,” Fatmi said.
Al Khair Society has 13 branches spread across the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.
“We are planning to open new branches in Kishanganj in Bihar and Ranchi in Jharkhand to reach out to more such people,” Fatmi said.
Al Khair Society is a successful example of interest-free microfinance that has brought smiles on faces of thousands of people. It started with merely a small fund and two employees at a small office in Patna. Today it has 100 employees.
The organisation charges a nominal service charge from those who take interest-free loans to pay salaries of its employees, rent of office and other expenditure.
Started by a group of educated Muslims in early 2000 as a small step to help ordinary people, the organisation has seen a tremendous response from all sections of society, irrespective of religion, caste or creed.
(The weekly feature series is part of a positive-journalism project of IANS and the Frank Islam Foundation. Imran Khan can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org )